Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus prunifolius (C. Mueller) Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 407. 1874. Monocera prunifolius C. Mueller, Anot. Fam. Elaeocarp. 15. 1849.

Kh.: Soh-khyllem-ai-blang, Dieng-la-khmar.

Trees, 5 - 20 m tall; branchlets glabrous. Leaves 5 - 12 x 2 - 3.5 cm, oblong-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, cuneate at base, acute to acuminate at apex, crenate-serrate or subentire, subcoriaceous, glabrous, glands present or absent; petioles 1 - 3 cm long, swollen and geniculate at apex. Racemes 3 - 9 cm long, axillary, silky pubescent, puberulous with age. Flower buds ovoid or oblong-lanceolate, adpressed hairy; flowers white or pale yellow, 5 - 10 mm across; pedicels 5 - 6 mm long; bracts leafy, broadly spathulate, caducous. Sepals 5 - 8 mm long, oblong-lanceolate, pilose or glabrate without, thinly adpressed hairy and distantly pouched at base within, margins villous. petals 5 - 10 mm long, oblong, broad sacciform with 2 pits at base, narrowed at apex, laciniate, rarely entire, adpressed silky on both surfaces. Stamens 15 - 30, minutely puberulous; filaments short; anthers ca 2 mm long with short awns. Ovary oblong or ovoid, sericeous. Drupes 1.5 - 2 cm long, oblong-ovoid; pyrenes 10 - 12 mm long, ovoid, pointed at tip, rugose, obscurely 3-angled.

Fl. Jan. - March; Fr. Aug. - Oct.

Distrib. India: In moist deciduous and semi evergreen forests between 1000 and 1500 m. West Bengal (Darjeeling), Meghalaya and Manipur.



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