Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus recurvatus Corner in Gard. Bull. Str. Settl. 10: 319. 1939. E. ferrugineus (Wight) Beddome, Fl. Sylv. t. 112. 1871, non (Jack) Steudel; 1840 Masters in Fl Brit. India 1: 406. 1874. Monocera ferruginea Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. t. 205. 1839, non Jack 1830.


Trees, 30 - 40 cm tall; young parts covered with dense rusty or greyish tomentum of stellate hairs. Leaves 7.5 - 15 x 4 - 7 cm, oblong-ovate or elliptic, cucullate, folded back lenghtwise resembling an inverted boat without keel, narrowed at base, shortly acuminate or acute at apex, shallowly serrate, serrations tipped with short hairs, coriaceous, cinnaamom tomentose beneath; petioles 1.5 - 2.5 cm long, sometimes up to 4 cm long, stout, thickened at apex, tomentose. Racemes 5 - 10 cm long, axillary, densely rusty tomentose. Flower-buds elliptic; flowers white, 1.5 - 1.8 cm across; pedicels 1.5 - 1.8 cm long, hispid tomentose. Sepals 1.5 cm long, lanceolate, densely tomentose without, glabrous within. Petals 1.5 cm long, oblong-cuneate, narrowed at base, broad at apex, laciniate, appressed long hairy. Stamens 20 - 30; filaments ca 1 mm long, puberuious; anthers 2.5 - 4 mm long, oblong, puberulous, awns ca 1 mm long, slender, erect. Ovary, elliptic or oblong-ovoid, densely hairy, 3-loculed; styles slender. Drupes 1.5 - 1.8 cm long, ovoid or elliptic, fleshy, green, shining; pyrenes 3-loculed.

Fl. March - July; Fr. July - Feb.

Distrib. India: In Shola forests of Western Ghats between 2000 and 2500 m. Tamil Nadu and Kerala; rare.

Endemic.





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