Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus rugosus Roxb. [Hort. Beng 42. 1814, nom. nud.] ex G. Don,. Gen. Hist. 1: 559. 1831; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 405. 1874. E. apiculatus Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1; 407. 1874.

Asm.: Gatronga, Phulchampa, Bor chopa, Bor potoa; Garo: Ankhi-ai-phak.

Trees, 25 - 35 m tall, old trees buttressed at base; branehlets rufous hairy. Leaves usually crowded at ends of branchlets, 16 - 35 x 7 - 15 cm, obovate, oblong or oblanceolate, narrowed and obtuse at base, bluntly apiculate, obtuse or subacute at apex, distantly minute serrate or subentire, coriaceous, glabrous, midrib prominent; petioles 1.5 - 2 cm long on flowering branchlets, shorter on young branchlets, swollen at both ends, pube­rulous. Racemes 10 - 16 cm long, axillary, pubescent. Flower-buds cylindric, conical, ovoid or oblanceolate, 5-ribbed; flowers pale white, 1 - 1.5 cm across; pedicels 2 - 2.5 cm long, tomentose; bracts leafy, 2 - 3 cm long, oblanceolate, serrate, caducous. Sepals 1 - 1.5 cm long, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, buff tomentose without. Petals 1 - 1.8 cm long, oblong-cuneate, narrowed at base, broader at apex, tomentose or silky hairy without, globrous within. Disc a shallow cup, pubescent. Stamens 30 - 60; filaments 1.5 - 2.5 mm long, puberulous; anthers 5 - 6 mm long, oblong, puberulous; awns shorter than anthers, erect or reflexed at length. Ovary oblong-ovoid, silky villous, 2-loculed; styles longer than ovary, tapering above. Drupes 3 - 3.5 cm long, obovoid or oblong, greenish yellow; pyrenes compressed, sharp edged, strongly rugose, unilocular, 1-seeded.

Fl. Feb. - April; Fr. Sept. - Oct.

Distrib. India: In moist deciduous and evergreen forests between 1000 and 1500 m. Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Andaman Islands).

Bangladesh, Myanmar and Malaysia.

Notes. Masters (l.c.) included Coorg (Karnataka) in distribution under this species, but so far no collection could be traced in any herbaria from that area and is not recorded even in a recent flora of the area (K.R.K. Murthy and S.N. Yoganarasimhan, Fl. Coorg 82 - 83. 1990).


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