Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus serratus L., Sp. Pl. 515. 1753, 'serrata'; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 401. 1874, p.p.; E. oblongus Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 202, 1. 43. f. 3. 1788; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 403. 1874, non Smith 1809 & Wight 1838. E. cuneatus Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 1: 83. 1840; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 402. 1874. E. perim-kara DC., Prodr. 1: 519. 1824. Ganitrus sphaericus Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 271. 1791, p.p. Perin-kara Rheede, Hort. Malab. 4: 51, t. 24. 1683.


Kan.: Beejada mara, Danda amba; Mal.: Nalla karra, Valiya Kara, Perin kara; Tam.: Ularg Karai; Eng.: Ceylon Olive.

Trees, 25 - 30 m tall; branchlets with persistent leaf scars. Leaves 5 - 13 x 2.5 - 6 cm, oblong, obovate or elliptic cuneate acute or obtuse at base, acute, obtuse or shortly acuminate at apex, repand-serrate or crenate, coriaceous, glabrous, veins prominent beneath; pustulate when dry; petioles 2 - 3 cm long, glandular pubescent, rarley glabrous. Racemes 4 - 8 cm long, axillary, drooping, pustulate. Flower buds ovoid-lanceolate or ovoid-conical; flowers creamy white, pedicels 8 - 10 mm across; 8 - 10 mm long, pubescent initially becoming puberulous and pustulate. Petals 7 - 8 mm long, obovate, cuneate, narrowed at base, laciniate, glabrous, occasionally pustulate. Stamens 30 - 35; filaments ca 1 mm long, puberulous; anthers ca 2 mm long,oblong, puberulous, bearded. Disc thick, glandular woolly. Ovary oblong or obovoid, pilose, 2 - 3-loculed; styles 3 - 4 mm long subulate, hairy; stigmas entire. Drupes 2.5 - 3.5 cm long, oblong-obovoid or ellipsoid, obtuse at apex, greenish yellow; pyrenes 2 - 2.5 cm long, oblong, acute at apex, rugose or tuberculate, 1 - 2 (- 3)-loculed, 1 - 2-seeded.

Fl. March - June; Fr. July - Oct.

Distrib. India: In moist deciduous to semievergreen forests of Western Ghats, 1500 m. Mahasrashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Sikkim.

SriLanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Malaysia and Indonesia(Java).

Notes. Fruits are eaten and also pickled by local people. Wood suitable for packing cases and match boxes. Leaves used for treating rheumatism and as an antidote for poison.





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