Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Eleaocarpus sikkimensis Masters in FI. Brit. India 1: 402. 1874.


Asm.: Seleng; Nep.: Bhadrase.

Trees, 10 - 20 m tall; branchlets pubescent. Leaves 13 - 20 x 6 - 9 cm, ovate-oblong or elliptic, acute to cuneate at base, acute or acuminate at apex, distinctly cuspidate, serrate, glabrous, thinly coriaceous, often with glands in axils of lateral veins along midrib; petioles 2 - 6 cm long, thickened at both ends, with 2 leafy processes at apex. Racemes 6 - 10 cm long, axillary, pilose. Flower-buds ovate-lanceolate, pointed, sericeous, subtended by subpersistent, boat-shaped, hairy bracteoles; flowers white, 6 - 8 mm across; pedicels 7 - 15 mm long, hairy. Sepals lanceolate, sparsely pilose to adpressed pubescent outside, glabrous and keeled within. Petals white, obtriangular, laciniate, glabrous. Stamens 20 - 30, ca 4 - 5 mm long; anthers bearded at apex. Disc thick, obscurely lobed, sericeous. Ovary conical, sericeous, 3-loculed; styles persistent. Drupes 4 - 4.5 cm long, ellipsoid to oblongoid; pyrenes ovoid-ellipsoid, tubercled, 3-loculed.

Fl. Jan. - March; Fr. July - Aug.

Distrib. India: In semievergreen forests between 1500 and 2000 m. West Bengal (Darjeeling), Sikkim and Assam.

Bhutan.

Notes. The chromosome number reported for the species is 2n = 24 (Arora, in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 1: 37. 1961).




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