Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus tectorius (Lour.) Poiret in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 2: 704. 1812. Craspedum tectorium Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 336. 1790. Elaeocarpus oblongus auct. non Gaertn. 1788 & Wight & Arn. 1834; Smith in Rees, Cyclop 12: n. 2. 1809. E. leptostachyus Wallich [Cat. No. 2672. 1831, nom. nud.] ex C. Mueller, Anot. Fam. Elaeocarp. 23. 1849; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 403. 1874. E. robustus Roxb., [Hort. Beng. 42. 1814, nom. nud.] Fl. Ind. 2: 597. 1832; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 402. 1874, p.p.


Asm.: Poreng, Seleng; Garo: Agong, Bolrogong; Kan.: Hinnalatorde; Kh.: Dienglasw; Mal.: Kattu Kara, Malam Kara; Or.: Nard champa, Panasia, Patragundi; Tam.: Bikki.

Trees, 15 - 35 m tall, with aerial roots at base in swampy. places; branchlets rusty pubescent. Leaves 6 - 24 x 3 - 8.5 cm, elliptic-oblong to ovate-oblong, broadly cuneate to rounded at base, acute to acuminate at apex, repand-serrate, veins prominent beneath, coriaceous, rusty pubescent when young, glabrous with age; petioles 1 - 5 cm long, thickened at both ends, often with 2 glands near apex, glabrous. Racemes 4 - 15 cm long, axillary, pubescent. Flower-buds oblong-ovoid, acute; flowers white, 10 - 12 mm across; pedicels 5 - 7 mm long, grey puberulous. Sepals 5 - 6 mm long, lanceolate or ovate, acute, densely villous along margins. Petals 5 - 7 mm long, cuneate-oblong or obtriangular, laciniate at apex, ciliate along margins. Stamens 40 - 50; filaments 1 - 3.5 mm long, glabrous or minutely puberulous; anthers ca 1 mm long, oblong, puberulous, rarely with a few bristles at apex. Disc thick, 5-lobed, tomentose. Ovary, oblong to ovoid, downy, 3-loculed; styles ca 2 mm long, hairy. Drupes 2 - 3.5 cm long, ellipsoid or oblong-ovoid, greenish-yellow; pyrenes 2 - 3-locular, with 2 longitudinal grooves prominently rugose, locules 1-seeded.

Fl. May - June; Fr. Aug. - Oct.

Distrib. India: In moist deciduous and evergreen forests between 1500 and 2000 m. Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Andaman Islands).

Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Indo-China, China, Malaysia and Indonesia (Sumatra).





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