Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus tuberculatus Roxb., [Hort. Beng. 93.1814, nom nud.] Fl. Ind. 2: 594. 1832; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 404. 1874. Monocera tuberculata (Roxb.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. 83. 1834.

Kan.: Bhutali, Dandemara; Mar.: Rudrak; Tam.: Rutthracham; Mal.: Pilahi, Naggara, Eng.: Deccan olive.

Trees, 80 - 90 m tall, occasionally buttressed at base; bark grey and white mottled; wood brown streaked with darker colour. Leaves crowded at ends of branchlets, 6 - 20 x 4 - 12.5 cm, obovate, narrowed, rounded or truncate at base, rounded to obtuse, sometimes retuse or acute at apex, obscurely crenate-dentate, or subentire, subcoriaceous, glabrous, veins prominent beneath, midrib rufous hairy; petioles 1.5 - 4 cm long, thickened at apex, rufous hairy. Racemes 3 - 12 cm long, axillary, rufous hairy. Flower buds lanceolate, ribbed; flowers 2 - 2.5 cm across, drooping; pedicels 1.5 - 2.5 cm long, softly rufous tomentose, recurved. Sepals 1 - 1.5 cm long, linear-lanceolate or oblong, acute, hairy. Petals 1.5 - 2 cm long, oblong-cuneate, narrowed at base, broader at apex, laciniate, silky hairy without. Stamens 40 - 80; filaments 1.5 - 2 mm long, pubescent; anthers 4 - 6 mm long, oblong, puberulous, with awns almost as long as anthers. Ovary oblong, silky tomentose, 2-locular; styles hairy at base. Drupes 2 - 4 cm long, ovoid, smooth; pyrenes terete, tubercled, 1 - 2-loculed.

Fl. Dec. - Feb.; Fr. May - Oct.

Distrib. India: In evergreen forests between 1000 and 1500 m Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andaman & Nicobar Islands(Andaman Islands); rare.


Notes. Nuts used as a substitute of 'Rudraksha' (Elaeocarpus sphaericus); used as beads for rosaries necklaces and bracelets. Wood used for planking, packing cases and splints.


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