Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus varunua Buch.-Ham. [in Wallich, Cat. No. 2666g, h. 1831, nom. nud.] ex Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 407. 1874.


Asm.: Bhadraik or Bhadraksha, Niganibual; Kh.: Dieng-ri-lam, Dieng-Si-sah, Dieng-soh-Dhakap; Naga: Pong- o -test; Nep.: Bhadrase .

Trees, 10 - 25 m tall; branchlets grey silky pilose. Leaves 7 - 26 x 3 - 7.5 cm, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, subacute or rounded at base, finely acuminate at apex, cuspidately crenate-serrate, glabrous above, sparsely pubescent on veins beneath, often with glands in axils of lateral veins towards the margin, chartaceous or thinly coriaceous; petioles 3 - 6.5 cm long, thickened and geniculate at apex, glabrescent. Flower-buds lanceolate or ovoid-lanceolate; flowers white, ca 1.5 cm across; pedicels 5 - 12 mm long, stout, curved, sericeous. Sepals 6 - 7 mm long, lanceolate, narrowly triangular or ovate-lanceolate, silky tomentose. Petals white, 5 - 6 mm long, oblong, broad and thickened at base narrowed at apex, laciniate, pale and silky below apex outside. Stamens 25 - 30; filaments 5 - 8 mm long; anthers shortly awned, awns ref1exed, puberulous. Disc 10-lobed red. Ovary ovoid-oblong, villous. Drupes 1.5 - 2 cm long, oblong to oblong- ovoid, rounded at ends, shining; pyrenes subterete, pointed at base, 3-grooved, finely rugose, hirsute, unilocular.

Fl. Feb. - April; Fr. July - Oct.

Distrib. India: In semievergreen forests between 1000 and 1500 m. Uttar Pradesh(Kumaon), West Bengal(Darjeeling), Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Nagaland.

Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Malaya.

Notes. Wood suitable for making tea boxes.




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