Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Elaeocarpus venustus Beddome, Fl. Sylv. t. 174. 1872. E. monocera auct. non Cav. 1800; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 405. 1874, p.p.


Tam.: Tamarai;

Trees, 10 - 15 m tall; branchlets glabrous. Leaves 6 - 12 x 3 - 5 cm, elliptic or obovate, attenuate at base, acute at apex, minutely cuspidate-serrate, glabrous, coriaceous, veins prominently impressed above, axils of primary veins with glands beneath; petioles 1 - 2 cm long, glabrous. Racemes 4 - 7 cm long, axillary, glabrous. Flower-buds ovoid or ovoid-lanceolate, acute; flowers white, 2 - 2.5 cm across; pedicels 1.5 - 2 cm long. glabrous. Sepals 1 - 1.5 cm long, lanceolate, glabrous without, pubescent within. Petals 1.5 - 2 cm long, narrowed at base, broader at apex, laciniate, silky without and at base within. Stamens 30 - 50; anthers minutely puberulous, shortly awned or mucronate. Disc 10-lobed. Ovary oblong, pubescent, 2-loculed. Drupes 4 - 5 x 2.5 cm, oblong-ovoid, smooth, shining green; pyrenes ovoid, tubercled, unilocular.

Fl. July - Sept.; Fr. Oct. - Dec.

Distrib. India: In evergreen forests of Western Ghats between 1000 and 1500 m. Tamil Nadu and Kerala; rare.

Endemic.

Notes. The trees are handsome and are potential ornamental and shade plants for their large white flowers and evergreen foliage.




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