Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Elaeocarpus munroii (Wight) Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 407. 1874. Monocera munroii Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 1: 83.1840 & Icon. PI . Ind. Orient. t . 952. 1845.


Kan.: Kabikki, Idanji Mara; Mal.: Pungari; Tam.: Narebikki

Trees, up to 50 m tall. Leaves crowded towards ends of branchlets, 5 - 10 x 2.5 - 4.5 cm, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or obovate, rounded and subcordate or truncate at base, caudate-acuminate or acute at apex, crenate-serrate, crenations often with a gland, chartaceous, glabrous, veins prominent beneath; petioles 2.5 - 3.5 cm long, slender, glabrous. Flower-buds ovoid or ovate-lanceolate; flowers white, 1 - 1.5 cm across; pedicels 5 - 15 mm long, glabrous, curved in fruits. Sepals 7 - 9 mm long, linear-lanceolate, acute, almost glabrous. Petals 7 - 9 mm long, elliptic-oblong, narrowed at base, broad at apex, laciniate, silky hairy on both surfaces. Stamens 20 - 40; filaments 1 mm long, pubescent; anthers 3 - 4 mm long, oblong, awns ca 1 mm long, reflexed. Ovary silky pubescent, 2-loculed, ovules 2; styles longer than stamens, tapering, hairy at base. Drupes 1.5 - 2 cm long, ellipsoid, yellowish-green turning to bluish when ripe, smooth, shining; pyrenes unilocular, 1-seeded.

Fl. Sept. - Nov.; Fr. Jan. - April.

Distrib. India: In evergreen forests of Western Ghats between 700 and 2000 m. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; rare.

Endemic.

Notes. Fruits are eaten by local people.





RELATED IMAGES

JSP Page
  • Search