Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Citrus reticulata Blanco, Fl. Filip. 610. 1837; Swingle in Citrus Ind. 1: 380. 1967. C. crenatifolia Lush. in Indian Forester 36: 343. 1910. C. crenatifolia Lush. var: lycoper-sicaeformis Lush. in Indian Forester 36: 343. 1910. C. chrysocarpa Lush. in Indian Forester 36: 344. 1910. C. poonensis Hort. ex Tanaka in Int. Rev. Sci. Pract. Agric. n. s. 1: 34. 1923.

Beng.: Kamala; Hindi: Santra; Kan.: Kudag orange; Kh.: Soh-myntra, Soh-nimantra; Tam.: Walalja Kamara. The Indian loose jacket orange, Mandarins.

Small trees; branches slender, erect or spreading, spinous. Leaves unifoliolate; petioles short, slightly marginate, ca 2 mm broad, articulate above; leaflet blades narrowly to broadly lanceolate, acute or rounded at base, tapering at apex with tip sometimes emarginate, irregularly crenate or crenulate along margins, 5 - 10 x 2.5 - 3.5 cm. Inflorescences axillary, 2 - 3-nate clusters or a solitary flower. Flowers bisexual. Sepals 5, light greenish, glabrous. Petals 5, oblong, glandular, pure-white. Stamens 14 - 19; filaments polyadelphous, usually 2 or 3, free, white; anthers yellow. Disk annular, fleshy. Ovary globose or oblate; style cylindric, greenish-white; stigma capitate. Fruits variable in size and shape, oblate-globose or pyriform; pericarp thin, oraoge-yellow, loosely attached, baggy; endocarp segments 7 - 14, easily separable; pulp-vesicles orange-coloured; juice sweetish with a characteristic flavour; seeds usually 10 - 15 per fruit, acute at base, smooth; embryo green.

Distrib. Probably a native of S. E. Asia. Cultivated in India and other Subtropical countries.

Notes. C. reticulata (The Indian loose jacket mandarin) is the commonest commercial citrus fruit in India.


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