Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. f. ex Benth. in Hook., Niger Fl. 256. 1849; Molino in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 16: 128. 1994. Amyris anisata Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4(2): 337. 1799. A. dentata Willd., l.c. Clausena dentata (Willd.) M. Roemer, Syn. Mem. Hesper. 44. 1846. Clausena willdenowii Wight & Arn., Prodr. 96. 1834, nom. superfl.; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 506. 1875. Amyris nana Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 249. 1832. Clausena willdenowii Wight & Arn. var. nana (Roxb.) Balakr. in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 22: 173. 1982. Clausena pubescens Wight & Arn., Prodr. 96. 1834. C. willdenowii Wight & Arn. var. pubescens (Wight & Arn.) Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 506. 1875. Cookia dulcis Beddome in Madras J. Lit. Sci. ser. 2, 22: 73. 1861. Clausena willdenowii Wight & Arn. var. dulcis (Beddome) Beddome, Fl. Sylv. S. India 45. 1871. C. dentata (Willd.) M. Roemer var. dulcis (Beddome) Swingle, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 28: 532. 1938.


Mal.: Kattukariveppila; Tam.: Kattukarriveppilai.

Shrubs or treelets, up to 6 m high; branchlets cylindric, pubescent to tomentulose or glabrous. Leaves imparipinnate, 15 - 40 cm long; leaflets 7 - 13, occasionally more than 20, alternate, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, alternate, oblique at base, obtuse or caudate-acuminate at apex, often notched at tip, glandular-crenulate along margins (2-) 5 - 10 x (1-) 1.5 - 3 cm membranous to chartaceous; secondary nerves 6 - 10 pairs, prominent, finely reticulate; petiolules slender to 10 mm long, puberulent or glabrous. Racemes axillary, shorter than leaves, confined to apices of branchlets, 8 - 10(-15) cm long, glabrous or pubescent; pedicels slender, 4 - 10 mm long, glabrous or pubescent. Flowers globose in bud, bracteolate. Sepals ovate-deltate to rounded, acute or obtuse, 0.5 - 1 mm long, glandular, ciliolate or glabrescent. Petals oblong, obtuse, concave, 2.5 - 6 x 1.5 - 3 mm, prominently nerved, glabrous, white. Stamens 8; filaments linear, subulate above, 1.5 - 4 mm long, glabrous; anthers ellipsoid or oblong, cordate at base, obtuse, glandular-apiculate at apex, 1 - 2 mm long. Gynophore rather distinct, ca 1 mm high, narrow below, as broad as ovary above, glandular, glabrous (sometimes obscure in var. paucijuga). Ovary oblong or ovoid, sulcate, 4-grooved, 1 - 3 x 0.8 - 2.5 mm, glandular tuberculate, glabrous, 4-locular, with one ovule in each locule; style cylindric, as long as or longer than ovary, merging into depression of ovary lobes above, (clearly demarcated in var. paucijuga), glabrous; stigma capitate, broader than style, 4-lobed. Berries globose or ovoid, greenish-white or orange before becoming ripe, glandular,7 - 15(-25) mm across,one seeded.

Notes. Molino (1994) who united the Indo-Sri Lankan C. dentata with the tropical African C. anisata recognised two varieties in it: C. anisata var. anisata and C. anisata var. paucijuga (Kurz) Molino.



KEY TO THE VARIETIES


1a. Leaflets persistent or rarely caducous; style merging into ovary lobes; stigma lobed, broader than style; berries subglobose, greenish-white before becoming ripe 1.1. anisata
b. Leaflets caducous; style clearly demarcated from ovary; stigma simple, not clearly marked from style; berries ovoid, orange-coloured before becoming ripe 1.2. paucijuga


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