Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Clausena indica (Dalz.) Oliver in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 5. Suppl. 2: 36. 1861; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 505. 1875. Piptostylis indica Dalz. in Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 33, t. 2. 1851.

Kan.: Kadu-bevu.

Shrubs or small trees, up to 15 m high. Leaves up to 25 cm long; petiole and rachis slightly zig-zag, puberulous or glabrous; leaflets 7 - 13, alternate and opposite, elliptic or elliptic-ovate to oblong, oblique at base, obtuse or abruptly acuminate at apex, subentire or crenulate and often with pubescent glands along margins, 3.5 - 7.5 x 2 - 3.5 cm, glabrous, membranous, gland dots raised on both surfaces; petiolules 3 - 6 mm long puberulous; secondary nerves faint above, rather prominulent beneath (5 - 8 pairs), spreading, tertiaries indistinct. Inflorescences terminal, paniculate corymbose cymes, up to 10 cm long, peduncle and branches densely puberulous. Flowers globose in buds, borne on short (2 mm long) pedicels; bracts minute, deltate, ciliate. Sepals deltate,acute or rounded, ca 0.5 mm long, ciliate. Petals oblong, acute, ca 3.5 x 1.2 mm, white, glandular, glabrous. Stamens 10; filaments subulate above, dilated below, ca 2 mm long,; anthers ellipsoid, ca 1 mm long. Gynophore annular, as broad as the ovary, ca 0.5 mm high, fleshy, glandular-papillate. Ovary subglobose, ca 1.5 mm long, glabrous, papillate-glandular, 3-locular, each with one or two pendulous ovules; style very short (0.5 mm long), thick, cylindric, inserted in the depression at top of ovary, caducous; stigma capitate, broader than style. Berries globose, ca 15 mm across, yellowish when ripe; 1-seeded.

Fl. April-Sept.; Fr. Oct.- March.

Distrib. India: Evergreen forests ofthe W. Ghats of peninsular India at altitudes up to 1000 m. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Sri Lanka.

Notes. Fruits are edible. Leaves are used in culinary purposes. Wood is close grained and used for lathe.

There has been varied reports on the number of ovary locules in this species. Oliver (1861) and J.D. Hooker (1875) reported forms with 4- or 5-locular ovary. But, it has consistently been observed that in the peninsular Indian specimens the ovary is 3-locular with 1 or 2 pendulous, superimposed ovules in each locule.

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