Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Glycosmis macrocarpa Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 1: 109. 1840; Ramachandran & Nair, Fl. Cannanore 8: 1988; Subramanian et al. in J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 12: 233. 1989. G. pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. var. macrocarpa (Wight) Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 500. 1875.

Shrubs or small trees, up to 3 m high. Leaves pinnate, 13 - 27 cm long; petiole and rachis glabrous or ferruginously puberulous when young; leaflets 3 or 5 or rarely 6, alternate, oblong-elliptic or ovate-lanceolate to oblanceolate, cuneate at base, acuminate at apex, acumen up to 10 mm long, bluntish at tip, more or less entire along margins, 7.5 - 16 x 3 - 7.5 cm, coriaceous, glabrous, dark brownish beneath on drying; petiolules 5 - 10 mm long, glabrous; secondary nerves 5 to 7 pairs, prominent beneath, faint above, oblique, spreading, inarching near margins, tertiaries finely reticulate. Inflorescences usually from uppermost leaf axils, paniculate cymes, up to 3 cm long, grey to ferruginously pubescent. Sepals 5, deltate, obtuse, less than 1 mm long, puberulous with ciliolate margins. Petals 5, oblong-elliptic, obtuse, ca 3 x 1.5 mm, white or pale yellowish, obscurely glandular, glabrous. Stamens 10; filaments linear, flattened, slightly ridged at inner face almost near apex, subulate above, up to 2 mm long, glabrous; anthers oblong, cordate, apiculate, sometimes with minute dorsal apical gland, less than 1 mm long. Disk (gynophore) broader than ovary, tumid, lobulate, ca 0.5 mm high, glabrous. Ovary ovoid-cylindric, ca 1 mm high, smoothly glandular, glabrous, 5-locular, each with one ovule; style continuous with ovary, not clearly distinct from it, glabrous; stigma minute, depressed. Berries subglobose, constricted at base, depressed above, ca 2 x 1.5 cm, punctate; seed 1.

Fl. March - June; Fr. May - Dec.

Distrib. India: Evergreen forests of southern W. Ghats, between 550 - 1800 m altitude. Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Endemic (Rare).

Notes. Reports on occurrence of G. macrocarpa Wight in Malaya [(see Ridley in J. Roy. As. Soc. Str. Br. 75: 12. 1917; Narayanaswami (194: 43 - 45)] are, however, no longer accepted (Stone 1985: 13). Narayanaswami's description and figure of G. macrocarpa was based on a Malayan specimen, Wray 264 (K, SING, CAL !) which according to Tanaka (unpublished) and Stone (1985:4) represented an undescribed taxon in Glycosmis. Stone described it as a new species G. collina which differs from G. macrocarpa Wight in the following characters: Inflorescence larger, terminal, few flowered paniculate racemes; petals with puberulent hairs dorsally at apex; petals and ovary eglandular and petiolules slightly longer, up to 20 mm long.


JSP Page
  • Search