Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Glycosmis mauritiana (Lam.) Tanaka in Bot. Not. 1928: 159(4 Apr.) 1928; Brizickyin J. Arn. Arb. 43: 90. 1962 (excl. syn. G. pentaphylla DC.); Mitra & Subramanyam in J. Arn. Arb. 50: 157. 1969; Stone in Matthew, Fl. Tam. Camatic 1: 206. 1983. Limonia mauritiana Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 3: 517. 1792. Glycosmis triphylla Wight in Bot. Misc. 3: 298. 1833. G. nitida Wight & Arn., Prodr. 1: 38. 1846. G. pentaphylla auct. non (Retz.) DC. 1824: Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 499. 1875-quoad var. 2, excl. suhvars. 1 to 4. G. cochinchinensis auct. non (Lour.) Pierre ex Engl. 1896: Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1: 153. 1915, p.p

Shrubs or small trees, up to 10 m high; branchlets cylindric, glabrous or greyish or rusty-puberulent when young. Leaves imparipinnate, 6 - 15 cm long, 3 - 5 or rarely even 1- or 2-foliolate (on the same branchlets); petiole and rachis slender, subcylindric, glabrescent; leaflets alternate and opposite, elliptic, ovate, linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate, cuneate at base, slightly oblique or not, obtuse to rounded or shortly acuminate at apex, entire along margins, coriaceous, green and glossy above, pale greenish beneath, glabrous; secondary nerves 5 - 16 pairs, slender, prominulent above, rather prominent beneath, inconspicuously reticulate. Inflorescences axillary panicles, up to 10 cm long, peduncle and branches greyish to ferruginously puberulous. Flowers (mature buds) ca 0.5 mm long; pedicels very short (1 mm long); bracteoles minute, deltate, puberulous. Sepals 5 or 4, deltate or suborbicular, acute or obtuse, ca 0.5 mm long, puberulent abaxially, ciliolate along margins. Petals elliptic-oblong or oblong-obovate, obtuse, 2 - 5 x 1.5 - 2 mm, greenish-white, obscurely glandular, glabrous or often with a patch of puberulent hairs near apex abaxially. Stamens (8) or 10; filaments subulate, to 4 mm long, glabrous; anthers ovoid or oblong, cordate below, ca 1 mm long, often with an obscure apical gland. Disk minute, lobulate, as broad as ovary. Ovary cylindric-ovoid or fusiform, narrowed and stipitate below, ca 2 mm long, ca 1 mm broad, pitted or smoothly glandular, rusty puberulent above, rarely glabrous, 5- or 4-locular, each with one ovule; style 0; stigma truncate, persistent in fruits as an apical knob. Berries subglobose, 5 - 15 mm across, smoothly or pitted glandular, pink or reddish when ripe, 1-seeded.

A variable species with 8 varieties and occasional intermediates; 4 in India.


1a. Leaflets narrow, up to 2 cm broad,linear-lanceolate and tapering at both ends 5.2. angustifolia
b. Leaflets more than 2 cm broad (up to 10 cm), shape not as above 2
2a. Leaves up to 16 cm long; secondary nerve. of leaflets 5 - 8 pain, inconspicuously reticulate 5.4. mauritiana
b. Leaves comparatively larger up to 35 cm long; secondary nerves 8 - 16 pairs, rather prominently reticulate 3
3a. Leaves up to 23 cm long; leaflets obtuse or rounded or rarely obtusely and shortly acuminate at apex, opaque (not lustrous) 5.1. andamanensis
b. Leaves up to 35 cm long; leaflets often long acuminate at apex, very lustrous 5.3. insularis

JSP Page
  • Search