Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC., Prodr. 1: 538.1824, quoad basionym; Mitra & Subramanyam in J. Arn. Arb. 50: 155. 1969. Limonia pentaphylla Retz., Obs. Bot. 5: 24. 1788. Limonia arborea Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 60, t. 85. 1788. Glycosmis arbarea (Roxh.) DC., Prodr. 1: 538. 1824. G. quinquefolia Griffith, Notul. 4: 495. 1856. G. pentaphylla auct. non DC. 1824: Hook. f., Fl. Brit. lndia 1: 499. 1875, p.p. G. cochinchinensis auct. non (Lour.) Pierre ex Engl. 1896: Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1: 153. 1915, p.p.

Shrubs or small trees, up to 4 m or rarely up to 7 m high; branchlets woody, cylindric, finely rusty puberulent when young, soon glabrescent; bark greenish to grey-brownish, lenticellate. Leaves pinnate; petiole and rachis angular or cylindric, glabrous; leaflets 3 - 5, rarely 1 or even 6 or 7 on the same branchlet, opposite and alternate, oblong-elliptic or ovate to oblanceolate, rarely linear-elliptic, cuneate or obtuse at base, acute, obtuse, rounded or acuminate at apex, distantly or closely serrate or sometimes obscurely crenate or denticulate or rarely entire along margins, 7 - 20 x 2 - 6 cm, coriaceous, dark green above, light greenish beneath, glabrous; secondary nerves 10 - 18 pairs, spreading, inarchig near margins, finely reticulate. Inflorescences axillary and terminal, paniculate; peduncle as long as or longer or rarely shorter than leaf rachis, reaching up to 15 cm, branches condensed or spreading, greyish or rusty puberulent. Flowers often in dense clusters, subsessile; bracteoles 2, ovate, rusty-puberulent abaxially, glabrous adaxially, ciliolate along margins. Sepals 5, imbricate, deltate to suborbicular, acute, acuminate or obtuse to rounded, dorsally slightly ridged, scarious along margins, ca 1 mm long, ocasionally also glandular with a few semipellucid glands, margins ciliolate. Petals 5, imbricate, elliptic-obovate, obtuse at apex, narrowed below, 2.5 - 4.5 x 2 - 3 mm, creamy-white, profusely pellucid glandular, glabrous. Stamens 10, ca 4 mm long; filaments gradually dilated upwards, ampliated at centre almost near the subulate tip, glabrous; anthers ca 1 mm long, oblong, cordate below, prominently gland-tipped, sometimes with a small dorsal gland on the connective. Disk annular, ca 0.5 mm high, as broad as or slightly less than the ovary, obscurely lobed, fleshy, white. Ovary ovoid-cylindric or conical, 1.5 - 2.5 mm high, glandular-papillose, glabrous, usually 5-locular with a single ovule in each locule; style continuous with ovary, scarcely distinct; stigma truncate or globose, obscurely lobed. Berries subglobose, cream to crimson red or Pinkish when ripe, mamillate, 1 - 31 seeded; seeds plano-convex, green.


1a. Leaflets up to 6 cm broad, cuneate or obtuse at base, acute, obtuse, rounded or acuminate at apex; flowers perfect 6.2. pentaphylla
b. Leaflets up to 2 cm broad, tapering at both ends; flowers abortive 6.1. linearifoliola

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