Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Glycosmis pilosa Narayanaswami in Rec. Bot. Surv. India 14: 36. 1941; Stone in Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 137: 17. 1985. G. sapindoides Lindl. var. pilosa Narayanaswami ex Tanaka in J. Indian Bot. Soc. 16: 230. 1937, nom. inva1. sine descr. latin.

Shrubs or small trees, up to 10 m high; branchlets cylindric, glabrous, bark brownish when dry, lenticellate. Leaves pinnate, up to 35 cm long; petiole and rachis angular above, glabrous or nearly so; leaflets 3 - 5 or sometimes 7, alternate or subopposite, often crowded towards tip of rachis, ovate or oblong-elliptic to lanceolate, acuminate at base, obtusely acuminate at apex, acumen up to 10 mm long, bluntish at tip, entire along margins, 6 - 19 x 2 - 8 cm, chartaceous, crispate, glabrous; petiolules up to 7 mm long; secondary nerves 7 - 11 pairs, prominent beneath, slightly oblique, inarching near margins, finely reticulate, the reticulae prominent. Inflorescences axillary, sometimes also from the uppermost leaf axils, paniculate; peduncle rather compressed, up to 6 cm long, scurffy, rusty-puberulent or glabrous. Flowers in cymose clustures densely rusty scurffy in buds. Sepals 5, narrow to broadly ovate, acute or obtuse, ca 1 mm long scurffy puberulent dorsally. Petals 5, elliptic or obovate, obtuse, truncate at base, ca 4 mm long, glandular, rusty scurffy on the back. Stamens 10, up to 3 mm long; filaments subulate, glabrous; anthers ca 1 mm long, oblong, cordate, gland-tipped. Disk minute. Ovary ellipsoid, shortly stipitate below, ca 1.5 mm high, minutely to densely rusty-pilose, 5-locular, each locule with one ovule; style distinct, shorter than ovary, glabrous; stigma subcapitate. Berries globose, ca 1.5 cm across, pitted glandular, glabrous; seed 1.

Fl. Jan.; Fr. May.

Distrib. India: Coastal and inland forests of Andaman & 'Nicobar Islands. Also doubtfully in Karnataka, S. India (Stone, 1985: 17).

Notes. This species is apparently similar to G. mauritiana (Lam.) Tanaka var. insularis (Kurz) Tanaka in its foliage and 5-locular stipitate ovary. It, however, differs from the latter in having a densely rusty pilose ovary. G. pilosa also approaches to G. macrocarpa Wight in having larger berries but can be distinguished from the latter due to its ellipsoid, shortly stipitate, minutely to densely rusty-pilose ovary and larger leaves with more number of leaflets.


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