Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Melicope accedens (Blume) T.G. Hartley in Sandakania 4: 67. 1994. Euodia accedens Blume, Bijdr. 246. 1825. E. parkinson; Narayanan & Nayar in J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 13: 202. 1989 syn. nov.

Shrubs up to ca 8 m high; branchlets faintly fissured, lenticellate. Leaves up to 28 cm long; petioles rather stout, slightly grooved adaxially, subcylindric, inflated at base, marked by minute, reddish oil dots, 2 - 7 cm long, pubescent; leaflets elliptic or narrowly obovate or rarely narrowly ovate, acute to cuneate and assymetric at base, shortly acuminate at apex,entire along margins, 7.5 - 21.5 x(1.5-) 3 - 7 cm, terminal one distinctly larger than lateral ones, chartaceous, glossy on both surfaces, glabrous; secondary nerves 6 - 15 pairs, slender, subhorizontal, dividing dichotomously slightly away from margins, interarching with adjacent dichotomies and forming an intermarginal loop. Inflorescence axillary, condensed heads of cymes or rarely pyramidal cymes, up to 2.5 cm long; peduncle slender, striated, tawny-tomentose. Male flowers: Bracts minute; pedicels ca 1 mm long, pubescent. Sepals 4, free to base, narrowly ovate, acute, ca 2 mm long, tomentose abaxially, glabrous adaxially, pellucid-punctate. Petals 4, fleshy, ovate, acuminate, acumen deflexed, 2.5 x 1.5 mm, deciduously tomentose abaxially, scarcely hairy adaxially. Stamens 4, inserted at base of annular, 4-lobed disk; filaments ca 2 mm long, villous on inner face; anthers oblong, ca 1 mm long, pistillodes minute. Female flowers: Gynoecium ca 4 mm long, ovary glabrous to pubescent or villous or rarely velutinous, carpels 2-ovulate; style pilosulose to pubescent or villosulose; stigma capitate or capitate-peltate, slightly 4-lobed, ca 0.5 mm across. Fruiting carpels connate at base, divergent, subglobose to ellipsoid or obovoid, 3 - 7 mm long, exocarp subfleshy, glabrous to pubescent or rarely velutinous, endocarp adherent, at least towards apex, glabrous; seeds attached to fruitbya funiculus of 0.3 - 1.5 mm long, 0.3 - 1 (-1.5) mm wide at middle, subglobose to ovoid or ellipsoid, sometimes compressed and often assymetrical at chalazal end, 2.5 - 5 mm long.

Distrib. India: Andaman Islands (so far known only from a solitary collection C.E. Parkinson 922 in CAL).

Myanmar, east to Vietnam, south to Java and Borneo.

Notes. Description of female flowers, fruits and seeds is drawn from Hartley 1994: 68. The Andaman specimen represents a variant of M. accedens, characterized by sepals pubescent abaxially; petals glabrous to pubescent abaxially; fruiting carpels 4 - 5 mm long, exocarp pubescent; leaflet blades sparsely puberulent to pubescent below, with 10 to 16 pairs of secondary nerves. Extra Andaman plants on the other hand represent relatively larger forms with longer petioles, petiolules, larger glabrous leaflets, and larger inflorescences.

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