Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Melicope glabra (Blume) T. G. Hartley in Sandakania 4: 60. 1994. Fagara glabra Blume, Catalogus 40. 1823. Euodia glabra (Blume) Blume, Bijdr. 245. 1825; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 489. 1875; Nair & Nayar in J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 195. 1989.

Trees, 5 - 15 m high, dioecious; branchlets cylindric, glabrous; bark lenticellate. Leaves trifoliolate, up to 28 cm long; petioles up to 10 cm long, slightly grooved adaxially, glabrous; petiolules of lateral leaflets obsolete, in terminal ones longer; leaflets widely obovate or obovate-elliptic, middle one largest, acute and often assymetrical at base, rounded or abruptly acuminate at apex, margins entire, 7.5 - 18.5 x 7 - 9.5 cm; secondary nerves 7 - 15 pairs, strong, spreading to arching. Panicles 7 - 17 cm long, peduncle brachiate, branches compressed, glabrous or shortly pubescent at least at apex. Flowers unisexual in dense subumebllate clusters, 4 - 5 mm long; bracts minute; pedicels slender, 3 - 4 mm long, glabrous or nearly so. Male flowers: Sepals 4, free to ca 0.5 mm length, ovate to suborbicular, obtuse or shortly acuminate, puberulent abaxially, glabrous adaxially. Petals oblong, obtusely deflexed, acuminate, 4, 2.5 - 3 mm long, glabrous; midnerve prominent. Disk pulvinate, 0.5 mm high. Stamens 4, exserted; filaments subulate to filiform at apex, 3 - 3.5 mm long, glabrous; anthers oblong, ca 1 mm long. Pistillodes 3 or 4, minute, less than 1 mm long. Female flowers: Sepals, petals and disk as in male flowers. Gynoecium 4-carpellate, 4-lobed, ca 1.5 mm broad, glabrous or minutely hairy, ovules 2 per carpel; style short, glabrous; stigma capitate. Staminodes ca 2 mm long. Fruits 3 or 4 follicles, each 10 - 12 mm long, exocarp subfleshy, coriaceous, punctate, glabrous, endocarp glabrous, adherent, at least towards apex; seeds attached to follicle by a funiculus, broadly ellipsoid, 4 - 6 mm long, black, shiny.

Distrib. India: Primary or secondary beach forests of Andaman & Nicobar Islands at about 50 m altitude.

West Malesia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo and Java.

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