Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Gomphandra Wallich ex Lindley

Dioecious. Shrubs or small trees; branches smooth. Leaves alternate, entire, penninerved, petiolate. Flowes in axillary or in leaf-opposed cymes, unisexual, on short pedicels, usually many in male and fewer in female inflorescence, bracteate; bracts small. Calyx minute, cup-shaped, 4 - 5-lobed to entire. Petals 4 - 5, connate below and cupular or tubular or entirely free, lobes inflexed at apex, valvate. Male flowers: Stamens 4 - 5; filaments free, exserted, thick and flattened, usually with a tuft of club-shaped hairs at the apex; anthers ovoid. Disc absent. Rudimentary ovary present. Female flowers: Petals sometimes absent. Staminodes present or absent. Ovary oblong; stigma discoid, large, persistent in fruit. Drupes ellipsoid to ovoid, oblique at base, usually grooved.

South East Asia; ca 33 species, 3 in India.


1a. Drupes 2.5-3, rarely 4 cm long 1. Gomphandra comosa
b. Drupes 1-2 cm long 2
2a. Leaves chartaceous; filaments bearded below the anthers 3. Gomphandra tetrandra
b. Leaves coriaceous; filaments glabrous 2. Gomphandra coriacea

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