Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Zanthoxylum scandens Blume, Bijdr. 249. 1825; Babu in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 16: 67. 1974(1977). Z. cuspidatum Cham. exBenth. in Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 329. 1851. Z . khasianum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 494. 1875. Fagara scandens (Blume) Engl. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(4): 118. 1896.

Shrubs, scandent or climbing; branches slender, terete, prickly or occasionally unarmed, velvety-pubescent. Leaves imparipinnate, up to 30 cm long; petiole and rachis slender, marginate and slightly grooved above, usually prickly, velvety-pubescent of glabrescent; leaflets 7 - 25, alternate or opposite, ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, acute to cuneate or rounded and oblique at base, caudate at apex, caudex up to ca 2 cm long with a retuse tip, along margins entire to glandular-crenate along margins, 2 - 6 x 1 - 3 mm, chartaceous, glabrous, glossy above; midnerve prominent beneath, slightly hairy; secondary nerves 6 - 14 pairs, less prominent; petiolules short, ca 5 mm long. Inflorescences axillary and terminal, paniculate, up to 10 cm long, velvety-pubescent. Flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate. Male flowers: Sepals 4, ovate, acute, ca 1 mm long, usually ciliolate. Petals 4, ca 3 mm long, ovate-oblong, obtuse. Stamens 4, slightly exserted; anthers oblong, ca 1 mm long, yellowish. Pistillodes 1 - 3, subulate. Female flowers: Sepals, petals as in male flowers. Staminodes not seen. Gynoecium 2 - 4 carpellate; styles coherent or divergent at anthesis; stigma globose; fruiting pedicels up to 4 mm long. Follicles 1 - 4 with 3,2, 1 or 0 persistent abortive carpels, subglobose, ca 5 mm across, pustular; seeds black, smooth, shiny.

Fl. April - May; Fr. Oct.- Dec.

Distrib. India: Moist evergreen forests up to 2000 m. Mizoram and Meghalaya.

China, Taiwan, Ryuku Islands, Sumatra, Java and N. Borneo.

Notes. Apparently related to Z. oxyphyllum but can be distinguished by velvety-pubescence on branchlets, petiole, rachis and inflorescence, and entire to glandular-crenate thin chartaceous caudate-acuminate leaflets.

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