Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Gomphandra tetrandra (Wallich ex Roxb.) Sleumer in Notizbl. Berlin-Dahlem 15: 238. 1940. Lasianthera tetrandra Wallich ex Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 328. 1824. Gomphandra axillaris Wallich, Cat. 3718. 1831 nom. nud; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 586. 1875. G. polymorpha Wight, Illustr. 1: 103. 1840: (p.p.) incl vars. acuminata, oblongifolia, angustifolia, longifolia, ovalifolia Wight (l.c .); Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 586. 1875.

Shrubs, evergreen, erect, upto 3.5 m tall; branches smooth. Leaves variable, from broadly elliptic-oblong to narrowly lanceolate, ca 15 x 6.2 cm, acuminate, glabrous on both sides, blades chartaceous to membranous; nerves in 7 - 9 pairs, raised on under surface; petioles 0.5 - 1 cm long. Inflorescence of axillary, crowded, paniculate cymes. Flowers unisexual, very small, ca 0.3 cm long. Calyx 5-toothed, tomentose on the outer surfaces. Corolla 5-lobed; lobes elongate, spreading. In male flowers stamens free, exserted; filaments hairy at the apex. Rudimentary ovary present. In female flowers ovary small, oblong; stigma discoid. Drupes ca 1 - 1.5 cm long, 0.5 - 0.8 cm broad, oblong; pericarp white, fleshy; endocarp hard, crowned by the remains of the stigma.

Fl. & Fr. : March - Dec.

Distrib. India: North Eastern region and Western Ghats, usually occurring In evergreen forests up to 1000 m. Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and China.

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