Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Skimmia laureola (DC.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Walpers, Reg. Bot. Syst. 5: 405. 1846; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 499. 1875, p.p. Limonia laureola DC., Prodr. 1: 536. 1824.

Low scandent or erect shrubs or small trees, 0.5 - 13 m high, strongly aromatic; branches and branchlets terate, rather strong with green or brownish smooth or faintly fissured bark. Leaves oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic to elliptic-oblong, narrowly cuneate at base, acute or abruptly acuminate at apex, acumen 5 - 10 mm long, bluntish at tip, entire along margins, revolute when dry, variable in size, deep green, glabrous; midnerve keeled, rather prominently raised beneath, puberulent above, glabrous beneath; secondary nerves 7 - 20 pairs, conspicuous or obscure. Inflorescences terminal, paniculate, 2 - 4 cm long; peduncle branching at base or occasionally not, densely or few flowered. Flowers functionally unisexual or bisexual, cream or greenish-white, spreading, sweet-scented; bracts persistent, deltoid or suborbicular, subacute, ca 1 mm long, ciliate. Sepals 5, connate below, ovate or suborbicular, obtuse, ca 1 mm long, ciliate. Petals 5, oblong-lanceolate or oblong-ovate, obtuse at apex, clawed, 4 - 5 mm long, glabrous. Stamens 5; filaments subulate, 3 - 4 mm long; anthers ellipsoid, 0.8 - 1 mm long, reduced to staminodes in female flowers. Disk lobulate, ca 0.5 mm high, ca 1 mm broad, glabrous. Ovary subglobose, 2 mm long, 1.5 mm broad, glandular-punctate, glabrous, 3 - 5-locular, ovule 1 in each locule; style very short and thick; stigma capitate, 3 or more lobed, punctate. Drupes subglobose or oblong-elliptic, black, 5 - 50 per infrutescence with usually 3, 1-seeded stones; endocarp adherent, cartilaginous, epicarp subwoody, reticulate, glabrous; seeds ovoid, ca 5 mm long, ca 3 mm across, cream-white.


1a. Low creeping shrubs less than a meter high, older stems with adventitious roots; leaves 4 - 10.5 x 1.5 - 3.5 cm, narrowly elliptic to elliptic-oblong; secondary nerves often indistinct 3.1. laureola
b. Erect shrubs or small trees, 3 - 13 m high, older stems not rooting; leaves (8-) 15.5 - 24 x 4.5 - 6 cm, mostly oblanceolate; secondary nerves 10 - 20 pairs, prominent 3.2. multinervia

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