Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Iodes Blume


Dioecious climbing shrubs; tendrils present on branches; young branches covered with bristly hairs. Leaves opposite, petiolate, entire, cuspidate, penninerved, coarsely hairy along the midrib and nerves exstipulate. Inflorescence pedunculate, of axillary or extra-axillary cymes or paniculate cymes, rarely solitary and terminal. Flowers unisexual, small, white to yellow. fragrant, bracteate, pedicelled; bracteole usually present. Calyx cup-shaped, 4 - 5-toothed or lobed 1/2 way down, united at base only. Petals 4 - 5, lobes valvate, persistent, sometimes absent in female flowers. Stamens in male flowers 4 or 5, alternating with the petals; filaments fixed at the base of the petals or the corolla tube or upwards, short or long; anthers basifixed; rudimentary ovary present. In female flowers staminodes present or absent. Ovary cylindrical; stigma sessile. Drupe oblong-ellipsoid or almond-like, somewhat flattened; exocarp fleshy, endocarp crustaceous, furrowed.

Tropical Africa, Madagascar, S.E. Asia (China to Malesia); ca 30 species, 3 in India.

Literature. CHAKRABARTY, T. & VASUDEV RAO, M.K. (1985): Jodes (Icacinaceae) A new generic record for Andaman & Nicobar Islands. J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 6(2): 455.



KEY TO THE SPECIES


1a. Leaves coriaceous; petals united in lower 3/4 part; drupes 2.5-4 cm long 2. Iodes hookeriana
b. Leaves charactaceous or membranous; petals free; drupes 2 cm long 2
2a. Pedicels not swollen distally; leaves broadly ovate 1. Iodes cirrhosa
b. Pedicels swollen distally; leaves oblanceolate 3. Iodes ovalis


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