Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Cansjera rheedii J. Gmelin in L., Syst. Nat. ed. 13,2(1): 280. 1791; Masters in Fl. Brit. India 1: 582. 1875.


Kan.: Bodbakka; Mar.: Jarar; Or.: Badalia, Jhantika; Tam.: Kalmanakherai, Mannaikkali.

Climbing shrubs or small trees, upto 5 m tall; young branches pubescent, beset with scattered stout spines. Leaves eliptic-oblong, to ovate-lanceolate, 4 - 9 x 2.5 - 3.2 cm, acuminate, base acute, minutely pimpled on both surfaces, on drying somewhat wrinkled; petioles 2 - 4 mm, pubescent. Flowers greenish white or yellow, sessile, 2.5 - 3.5 x 1.5 - 2.5 mm, in axillary, 1.5 - 2.5 cm long spikes, 1 - 2 together, occurring singly or in pairs. Drupes ellipsoid, 1.2 - 1.5 x 0.6 - 0.8 cm, red when ripe.

Fl. & Fr. : Dec. - Nov.

Distrib. India: Scattered in moist deciduous forests and in scrub jungles along coasts, ravines and near water. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Andamans.

Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines and Australia.





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