Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Champereia manillana (Blume) Merr. in Philipp. J. Sci. Bot. 7: 233. 1912. Cansjera manillana Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 1: 246. 1850. Opilia manillana Baillon in Adansonia 3: 124. 1862. Champereia griffithiana Planchon ex Kurz in J. As. Soc. Bengal 44.(2): 154. 1875; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 236. 1886.


Shrubs or small trees, 4 - 8 m tall, rarely up to 20 m. Leaves ovate, oblong, or lanceolate, 4.5 - 25 x 1.5 - 11 cm, acuminate or acute, glabrous, venation prominent beneath, 5 - 8 lateral nerves on each side of the mid rib; petioles 3 - 8 mm long. Inflorescence of panicles; panicles solitary or in groups of 2 - 4, main rachis up to 20 cm long. In male flowers bracts ovate, acute, 0.5 - 1 mm long. Perianth 5, free, yellowish green, petaloid, oblong, 1 - 1.5 mm, acute; pedicels 3 - 10 mm. Stamens as long as the perianth; anthers yellow, oval, 0.3 mm long. Disc green, crenulate. Female flowers ebracteate; pedicels short, ca 0.5 mm. Perianth 2 - 5, free, sepaloid, green, acute, ca 0.5 mm. Staminodes and disc absent Ovary cylindric to ovoid, ca 0.5 mm long; stigma cushion-shaped, sessile. Drupes orange-red, 0.8 - 1.6 x 0.7 - 0.9 cm, on 0.15 - 0.4 cm long pedicels.

Fl. & Fr. : Jan. - Dec.

Distrib. India: Andamans.

Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Taiwan, Malaya Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands, Philippines, Celebes and Moluccas.

Notes. The species is extremely variable in vegetative characters, especially in form and size of leaves.

Uses. Young leaves and young fruits are eaten as vegetable. Leaves and roots are pounded to make a poultice for ulcers and the boiled roots are used for rheumatism in Malaya.





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