Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Harrisonia brownii Adr. Juss. in Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 12: 540. t. 28, no. 47. 1825; A.W. Bennett in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 519. 1875.

Shrubs, deciduous, spreading, ca 3 m high; branches dark brown; spines in pairs, short, sharp, up to 5 mm long, dark. Leaves digitately 3-foliolate, 5 - 10 cm long; petioles 0.5 - 2.8 cm long; leaflets ovate to rhomboid, acuminate at apex, 2 - 8 x 0.5 - 4 cm; terminal one largest, narrowed at base; lateral ones usually oblique, cuneate at base, 1 - 5 x 0.5 - 2 cm; petiolules 0.5 - 10 mm long, slender, channelled. Flowers small; bracts persistent, 3-angular, pubescent; pedicels slender, up to 6 mm long. Calyx 4-lobed, ca 1 mm long, glabrous or sparsely hairy. Petals 4, lanceolate-oblong, acute, reflexed, 3 - 3.5 x ca 1 mm, white. Disk cylindrical, slightly 8-lobed, short. Stamens 8; filaments ca 2 mm long; anthers ca 1 mm long. Ovary rather deeply lobed, ca 1 mm long; styles 4, connate, ca 1.5 mm long, twisted, glabrous. Drupes globose, entire.

Fl. & Fr. June - Nov.

Distrib. India: Fairly common in deciduous forests and often forming small thickets. S. Andaman Islands.

Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea and Australia.

Notes. Leaves all turn yellow before fulling. New flush of leaves gives a very pretty appearance.

Uses. Shoots, barks, roots etc. are of medicinal value.


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