Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Gomphia Schreber

Shrubs or small trees, with spreading branches. Leaves alternate, simple, coriaceous, shining; veins straight, parallel, curved upwards near margin, vein lets reticulate; stipules small, intrapetiolarly united, caducous. Inflorescence axillary or terminal thyrses; peduncles short, persistent, bracteate. Flowers with a short, 5-ribbed gynophore, enlarging in fruit; pedicels filiform, articulate. Sepals 5, tinged pinkish, enlarging In fruit. Petals 5, yellow creamy or white. Stamens 10; filaments terete, short; anthers opening with 2 apical pores. Ovary 5-lobed, obovoid; lobes unilocular; styles connate; stigma simple. Fruits 1 - 2(-5), yellowish, turning dark-purple or blue-black when ripe; seed single, exalbuminous.

30 - 35 species in Africa, Madagascar, S.E. Asia (S. China, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Sumatra and Malesia); 1 species in India.

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