Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Shrubs or small trees with spreading branches. Leaves alternate, shining, chartaceous, many-nerved; stipules 2, caducous. Inflorescence simple cymes, lateral or terminal thyrses or panicles; peduncles sometimes branching once or twice after flowering. Flowers conspicuous, bracteate; pedicels filiform. Sepals 5, imbricate, turning red in fruits. Petals 5(-10), in two whorls, yellow. Stamens many in 2 or more whorls; filaments subterete; anthers opening with 2 apical pores. Carpels 5 - 10(-15), lobed; lobes unilocular; styles connate or free; stigmas simple or capitate. Fruits 1 - 5, greenish, turning black when ripe.

About 85 species in tropics in Africa, C. America, S. and S.E. Asia (India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Malesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Philippines); 5 species in India.

Notes. Kanis (in Blumea 16(1): 1 - 82. 1968) reduced O. pumila and O. gamblei to varieties under O. obtusata. But there are remarkable differences in the structure of floral as well as vegetative parts in these species. Their distribution pattern is also characteristic. O. pumila is found mainly in the N.E. Himalayan states, whereas O. gamblei is found mainly in the coastal states of S.E. parts of the country. Considering these points the above two species are maintained as such, without reducing to varieties.


1a. Petals 5 - 10 x 2 - 5 mm, as long as sepals 3. Ochna lanceolata
b. Petals 15 - 25 x 7.5 - 15 mm, larger than sepals 2
2a. Flowers 2 - 3; peduncles more than 2 cm 5. Ochna pumila
b. Flowers many; peduncles less than 2 cm long 3
3a. Sepals usually reflexed in fruits; anthers as long as or slightly shorter than filaments 2. Ochna integerrima
b. Sepals spreading or inflexed in fruits; anthers longer than filaments 4
4a. Leaves waxy, glaucous, obtuse or rounded at apex 1. Ochna gamblei
b. Leaves not waxy or glaucous, acute or acuminate at apex 4. Ochna obtusata

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