Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Trees dioecious. Leaves exstipulate, rarely with pseudostipules; petioles usually flattened to canaliculate; leaflets entire. Panicles axillary or pseudoterminal. Flowers 3-merous. Sepals free or connate, caducous. Petals slightly thickened and inflexed at apex. Stamens 6, glabrous; filaments free or connate at base with disk to various degree. Disk intrastaminal, glabrous. Pistil 3(-2)-locular, glabrous, moderately reduced in male flowers; stigma sessile, apical or nearly so. Drupes oblong or ellipsoid, 1-seeded; pericarp fleshy, thick, coarsely wrinkled when dry; mesocarp membranous; endocarp cartilaginous; pyrene with 1 fertile and 2 reduced locules; cotyledons folded or contortuplicate, 3-partite, palmate or palmatifid.

Distrib. India: America, Africa and Asia; ca 40 species in tropical regions, one species in India.

Literature. KALKMAN, C. (1954). Revision of the Burseraceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense-VIII. Dacryodes Vahl Blumea 7: 500 - 522. LEENHOUTS, P.W. (1956). Burseraceae. Dacryodes In: STEENIS, Fl. Males. 1, 5: 219 - 229.

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