Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Garuga Roxb.

Trees, deciduous; branchlets pubescent. Leaves alternate, imparipinnate, clustered at the ends of branchlets, deciduous; stipules deciduous; leaflets subsessile, opposite or subopposite, crenate-serrate; stipels often present. Panicles axillary, much-branched, crowded at ends of branchlets. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, 5-merous. Calyx tube broadly or narrowly campanulate, tomentose, lobes ovate. Petals inserted on calyx tube. Disk cupular, crenate, adnate to receptacle. Stamens 10, free, equal or alternately long and short, inserted on notches of disk; filaments subulate, pubescent; anthers oblong. Ovary ovoid, on short gynophore, pubescent or glabrous, 4 - 5-locular; ovules 2 in each locule; style grooved, pubescent; stigma capitate, 4 - 5 lobed. Drupes globose, pericarp fleshy, pyrenes 1 - 5, rugose, 1-seeded.

S.E. Asia, America, N. Borneo, N. Australia, S. China, E. Java, N. & E. Malesia, the Philippines, W. Pacific and Melanesia; ca 4 species, 2 species in India.

Literature. KALKMAN, C. (1953). Revision of the Burseraceae of the Malaysian area in a wider sense VI. Revision of the genus Garuga Roxburgh. Blumea 7: 459 - 470. LEENHOUTS P.W.(1956). Burseraceae - Garuga Roxb. In: STEENIS, Fl. Males. I, 5: 215 - 218.


1a. Leaves pubescent; calyx tube more than 4 mm long, deciduous; drupes 15 - 20 mm across, apically horned 2. Garuga pinnata
b. Leaves glabrous; calyx tube less than 2 mm long, persistent in fruit; drupes 8 - 10 mm across, apically of tuse 1. Garuga floribunda

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