Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Canarium euphyllum Kurz in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 41(2): 295. 1872; A.W. Bennett in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 535.1875; Parkinson, For. Fl. Andaman Isl. 115. 1923.

Hindi: Dhup

Evergreen or deciduous trees, up to 30 m high, with small buttresses and numerous small protuberances; bark whitish grey; terminal bud ferruginously shaggy-pilose. Leaves exstipulate, 4 - 6(-8) jugate, up to 47 cm long, leaf scars conspicuous, cordate; leaflets ovate-oblong, lanceolate or oblanceolate, 7.3 - 25 x 3.6 - 9 cm, chartaceous oblique, coarsely serrate or dentate, rarely entire along margins, truncate or shortly acutely acuminate at apex. Inflorescence axillary, narrowly thyrsoid, 20 - 45 cm long; branches transverse with 4 - 6 flowers; bracts subulate, densely hairy, caducous. Male flowers ca 1 cm long, minutely tomentose. Calyx campanulate, broadly 3-lobed, 3 - 5 x 4 - 4.5 mm, sparsely pubescent outside, densely velutinous inside. Petals oblanceolato, 7.5 - 10 mm long, velutinous outside, glabrous inside. Stamens 6; filaments connate about half-way. Disk annular, fleshy with a narrow central canal. Pistillode none or minute. Infructescences racemose, 10 - 20 cm long, with 3 - 5 fruits. Drupes ovoid-ellipsoid, bluish black; pyrene 1-seeded; calyx persistent with remains of fimbriate disk.

Fl. May - June.

Distrib. India: Andaman & Nicobar Islands.


Uses. Wood with a smell reminiscent of vinegar when freshly cut, is used for aeroplanes and gliders particularly for spars and for making plywood. It is also used as a substitute for the common classes of mahogany, for joinery, decorative work, cabinets, packing cases, billiard tables and internal fittings in ships, in the manufacture of matches, boxes and indoor constructions. Logs are used as floats for rafting timber. Resin is used by the Andamanese for burning and for making a composition for covering the binding of their arrows.

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