Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Commiphora berryi (Arn.) Engl. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4: 17. 1883; T. Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 1: 201. 1902. Balsam odendron berryi Ann. in Ann. Nat. Hist. 3: 86. 1839; A.W. Bennett in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 529. 1875.

Tam.: Mudgiluvai, Mulkiluvai; Eng.: Indian Balm of Gilead.

Shrubs or small trees, 3 - 6 (-10) m tall, branchlets ending in sharp spines. Leaves alternate or fascicled, petiolate, 3-foliolate; leaflets sessile, obovate, ovate-suborbicular, 0.3 - 4.5 x 0.3 - 2.5 cm; terminal leaflets larger than the laterals; chartaceous, glabrous, glossy above, cuneate or subacute at base, entire to crenate along margins, obtuse or rotund at apex. Flowers solitary or fascicled, axillary, ca 8 mm long, deep red, pink or cream coloured. Calyx narrowly campanulate, 4-lobed; lobes 3-angular or deltoid. Petals 4, oblanceolate, apiculate. Stamens 8, free, alternately long and short; longer in male flowers than in female or bisexual flowers. Disk small, 6 - 8-lobed. Drupes oblong or ovoid-subglobose, 0.8 - 1.2 x 0.6 - 0.9 cm, beaked; seed solitary.

Fl. Feb. - March; Fr. April - Dec.

Distrib. India: In dry forests. Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka.

Uses. Grown as a hedge plant throughout southern India. The plant yields a fragrant gum-resin.

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