Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Celastrus monospermus Roxb., Fl. Ind.2: 394. 1824. Celastrus championii Benth in Hook., Kew J. Bot. 3: 334. 1851; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit.India 1: 618. 1875.

Asm.: Bhumlati, Gelomtaru.

Scandent shrubs. Leaves elliptic to broadly.ovate or oblong, 6-18 x 3- 9 cm, apex acute to obtuse, base cuneate to obtuse, membranous, glabrous on both sides, margins serrate; nerves about 5-8 pairs, curved towards the apex; stipules laciniate; petioles 5-15 mm long. Inflorescence a laxly branched panicle, up to 20 cm long. Flowers white to greenish yellow. Male flowers: Sepals suborbicular, glandular-ciliate, 1 mm long. Petals oblong, up to 3 mm long. Stamens attached just below the margin of the disc, 2.5 mm long; anthers ovoid. Ovary slightly immersed in the disc. Disc fleshy, slightly lobed. Female flowers: Sepals, petals and disc as in the male flowers but petals smaller. Stamens sterile. Pistil 3 mm long. Ovary subglobose, narrowed into the style: stigma 3-lobed. reflexed. Fruits capsular, cylindric, stipitate; valves ovate-oblong. 1-seeded. Seeds 15 x 8 mm, smooth.

Fl. & Fr. : March - Aug.

Distrib. India: Eastern Himalaya and North East India. West Bengal. Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya and Nagaland.

Bangladesh and China.

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