Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Celastrus paniculatus Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1125. 1797; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 617.1875.


Beng.: Malkangni; Guj.: Malkengana; Hindi: Kujri; Kan.: Karegavena, Mal.: Paiva, Palulavam; Mar.: Kangani; Miri : Pokitai; Sans.: Anninasha, Amrula, Sarawati; Tam.: Velularia. Adibaricham, Kalabam, Tanisi; Tel.: Bavanji, Brukata.

Scandent shrubs. Leaves obovate-orbicular, elliptic to ovate-oblong, 5- 15 x 2-10 cm, apex acute. base cuneate, glabrous. pubescent beneath: nerves 5-8 pairs; stipules lacinate; petioles up to 2 cm long. Inflorescence a panicle. 4-8 cm long. Flowers pale-green. Male flowers: Sepals 5-lobed; lobes semi- orbicular, ciliate, up to 2 mm long. Petals oblong to obovate-oblong, up to 3 mm long. Stamens 3 mm long; anthers ovoid. Ovary sterile, columnar. Disc cupular; lobes obscure. Female flowers: Sepals, petals and disc as in the male flowers. Stamens sterile. Ovary globose; style columnar; stigma 3-lobed. Fruits capsular, subglobose, up to 10 x 8 mm, 3-6-seeded. Seeds ellipsoid, 3-5 x 2-4 mm, smooth, brownish, arillate.

Fl. & Fr. : April - Dec.

Distrib. India: Widely distributed up to an altitude of 1250 m. Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andaman Islands.

Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, S. China, Malesia (except Borneo), Australia and New Caledonia.

Notes. Seeds yield an oil which is used in certain disorders of the stomach.





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