Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Drymaria Schultes


Herbs, annual, prostrate to suberect, branching, glabrous or pubescent. Leaves opposite, sessile or petiolate, rounded; stipules persistent or fugacious, small, scarious. Flowers in dichasial cymes, rarely solitary, axillary. Sepals 5, free, scarious-margined. Petals 3 - 5, usually 2-fid, often auriculate, white. Stamens 2 - 5; filaments slightly connate at base; anthers versatile. Carpels usually 3; ovary shortly stiped, 1-locular; ovules campylotropous; styles 2 - 3, more or less united below up to middle. Capsules ovoid to globose, 3-valved; seeds 1-many, globose, reniform, cochleate, tuberculate.

Tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Malesia, Africa and Madagascar, America and the West Indies; ca 48 species, 2 species in India.

Literature. DUKE, J. A. (1961) A preliminary revision of the genus Drymaria. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 48: 173 - 268. MAJUMDAR, N. C. (1969) The genus Drymaria in India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 10: 293 - 295.



KEY TO THE SPECIES


1a. Plants glabrous to glandular-papillate; pedicels glandular-pubescent; sepals carinate; petals without auricles; seeds more than 1 mm in diam. 1. Drymaria diandra
b. Plants villous to hirsute with long septate hairs; pedicels vinous; sepals not carinate; petals with auricles; seeds less than 1 mm in diam. 2. Drymaria villosa


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