Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Aglaia Lour.

Trees or shrubs with indumentum of stellate hairs or peltate scales. Leaves usually pinnate, rarely 3-foliolate or unifoliolate. In florescence usually an axillary panicle, rarely cauliflorous; the males large, many-flowered; females small, few-flowered. Flowers unisexual, male and female flowers found on different individuals (dioecious); female flowers larger than the males. Calyx 3 - 5-lobed, valvate or imbricate. Petals 3 - 6, free or united at base, free from staminal tube or partly united with it, imbricate. Staminal tube globose, cup-shaped or cylindric, entire or crenate at margin, rarely lobed, 0.5 - 5.5 mm long; anthers generally 5 - 10, glabrous, rarely hairy, inserted in a single whorl, included or partly exserted. Antherodes similar but without pollen. Disk absent. Ovary usually 1 - 3-locular; locules 1- or 2-ovuled; style short or absent; stigma small, capitate, conical or lobed. Pistillode with or without rudimentary ovules. Fruit a berry, nut or sometimes a capsule; seeds arillate, sometimes with a fleshy sarcotesta.

Indo-Malesian region, Australia, Melanesia and Polynesia with ca 100 species; 23 in India.


1a. Anthers exserted; seeds angular 2
b. Anthers included in staminal tube or nearly so; seeds not angular 3
2a. Leaves simple 21. Aglaia simplicifolia
b. Leaves compound; leaflets 3 or 5 15. Aglaia indica
3a. Fruit a capsule 4
b. Fruit a berry 8
4a. Petals 4; anthers 8; ovary 3-locular; locules 1-ovuled 18. Aglaia lawii
b. Petals 6; anthers 6 - 10; ovary 2 - 3-locular; locules 2-ovuled 5
5a. Leaflets (2-) 7, alternate or subalternate 6
b. Leaflets 3 - 13, opposite or subopposite 7
6a. Calyx 3-lobed; ovary 2-locular 6. Aglaia chittagonga
b. Calyx 5-lobed; ovary 3-locular 16. Aglaia jainii
7a. Leaflets obtuse at apex; anthers 6 7. Aglaia cucullata
b. Leaflets abruptly acuminate at apex; anthers 8(-10) 22. Aglaia spectabilis
8a. Flowers 4-merous 11. Aglaia fusca
b. Flowers 5-merous 9
9a. Leaflets glabrous or with very minute pustulate scales 10
b. Leaflets with lepidote scales or stellate-tomentose 12
10a. Leaflets glabrous 11
b. Leaflets minutely pustulate on both surfaces 12. Aglaia ganggo
11a. Leaflets 5 - 8, alternate 13. Aglaia glaucescens
b. Leaflets 9 - 13, alternate or opposite 19. Aglaia maiae
12a. Leaflets with lepidote scales at least when young 13
b. Leaflets with lepidote scales mixed with stellate hairs 21
13a. Panicles shorter than leaves 14
b. Panicles as long as or longer than leaves 18
14a. Anthers 10 14. Aglaia haslettiana
b. Anthers less than 10 15
15a. Leaflets 3 - 5 17. Aglaia khasiana
b. Leaflets 5 - 7 16
16a. Shrub or small tree 2. Aglaia apiocarpa
b. MediumĀ·sized or large trees 17
17a. Leaves to 45 cm long; leaflets 5 - 7, lepidote beneath 1. Aglaia andamanica
b. Leaves to 15 cm long; leaflets 7, lepidote along main nerves 4. Aglaia barberi
18a. Leaves 5-foliolate; panicles longer than leaves 23. Aglaia talbotii
b. Leaves pinnate; panicles not longer than leaves 19
19a. Leaflets usually 5, rarely 3 or 7 9. Aglaia elaeagnoidea
b. Leaflets 9 or more 20
20a. Leaflets 13, glabrous except main nerves beneath; flowers sessile 5. Aglaia canarensis
b. Leaflets 9 - 18, lepidote when young, almost glabrous when mature; flowers short-pedicellate 20. Aglaia perviridis
21a. Leaflets with silvery white indumentum beneath 3. Aglaia argentea
b. Leaflets with reddish or brownish indumentum 22
22a. Leaflets 9 - 13, with lepidote scales and stellate hairs on nerves beneath; stamens included; berries pulpy. 8. Aglaia edulis
b. Leaflets 7 - 15, glabrous above except nerves, densely lepidote-tomentose beneath; stamens exserted; berries not pulpy 10. Aglaia exstipulata

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