Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Aglaia chittagonga Miq. in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavum 4: 44. 1868. Amoora chittagonga (Miq.) Hiern in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 559. 1875; Kanj. et aI., Fl. Assam 1: 237.1937. Aphanamixis chittagonga (Miq.) Haridasan & R.R. Rao, Forest Fl. Meghalaya 1: 204. 1985.

Tree, to 15 m tall; bark blackish-brown, exuding milky juice; young parts covered with thin, silvery lepidote scales. Leaves to 30 cm long; rachis lepidote; leaflets 2 - 6, alternate or subalternate, elliptic, oblong-elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, slightly oblique or acute at base, entire along margins, acuminate at apex, 6 - 12 x 3 - 6 cm, membranous, lepidote along midnerve and main nerves beneath especially when young; secondary nerves 12 - 16 on each side; petiolules to 3 mm long, stout. Male panicles clustered in axils of leaves, 10 - 15 cm long, lax; branches and pedicels slender; female panicles shorter, few-flowered, with shorter and stouter pedicels. Flowers to 3 mm long. Calyx cup-shaped, usually 3-lobed. Petals 3 - 4, ca 3 mm long. Staminal tube urceolate; anthers 6, included. Ovary 2 - 3-locular. Fruits indehiscent, obovoid, 2 - 3 cm long, 2 - 3-locular, 2-seeded.

Fl. & Fr. Aug. - Mar.

Distrib. India: Dense tropical evergreen forests in N.E. India; Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Meghalaya.

Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Malesia.

Notes. According to Kanjilal et al. (1937) it is a very precocious tree, and saplings not more than 3 or 3.5 m high are found in flowers or fruits.

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