Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Aglaia cucullata (Roxb.) Pellegrin in Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 1: 171. 1911. Amoora cucullata Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 3: 54. t. 258. 1819; Hiern in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 560. 1875; Kanj. at al., Fl. Assam 1: 236. 1937.

Tree, to 25 m tall, with grey bark and numerous blind root suckers. Leaves imparipinnate, to 80 cm long; leaflets 3 - 13, opposite or subopposite, ovate or oblong-elliptic, obtuse at both ends or sometimes oblique at base, 7 - 20 x 4 - 6.5 cm, glabrous, subcoriaceous; secondary nerves ca 16 on each side; terminal leaflet falcate; petiolules ca 1.25 cm long. Inflorescence densely lepidote; male panicles drooping, almost as long as leaves, with many diverging branches; female racemes much shorter, few-flowered. Flowers bracteate, 3 - 4 mm long, yellow; female and bisexual flowers larger than male flowers. Calyx 3-lobed. Petals 3. Staminal tube turbinate, scarcely shorter than petals; anthers 6, sessile, included. Ovary 3-locular; locules 2-ovuled; style absent; stigtna 3-lobed, large. Pistillode similar but slender and stipitate. Capsules pyriform-globose, ca 6 cm across, obtusely 3-lobed, 3-valved, 3-seeded; seeds rounded with an orange-coloured fleshy aril.

Fl. & Fr. Oct. - May.

Distrib. India: W. Bengal, Assam, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Nepal and Myanmar.

Notes. Reported by Hiern(1875) to occur on the Andaman Islands but King (1895) and Parkinson (1923) did not include it. Almeida (Flora of Savantwadi 1: 86. 1990) included it on the authority of Dalgado. Kanjilal et al. (1937) stated that it was very rare, only once found in the Diagurung Reserve, Sibsagar Division, Assam.

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