Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Aglaia indica (Hook. f.) Harms in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 1961. 146. 1940; Nair & Rajan in Nair & A.N. Henry, Fl. Tamil Nadu 1: 66. 1983. Beddomea indica Hook. f. in Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 1: 336. 1862; Beddome, Fl. Sylv. S. India t. 135. 1871 (smaller fig.); Hiern in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 566. 1875.

Large shrub or small tree; young parts lepidote. Leaves 15 - 30 cm long; rachis terete, to 7 cm long; leaflets 1 - 2 pairs with a terminal one, opposite, elliptic, more or less cuneate at base, entire along margins, acuminate at apex, 7 - 18 x 4 - 8 cm, almost glabrous when mature; secondary nerves ca 7 on each side; petiolules 0.8 - 2.5 cm long, that of terminal leaflet longer. Inflorescence a simple raceme, or paniculate, 7 - 15 cm long, few-or many-flowered. Flowers ca 5 mm across; pedicels 2.5 - 6 mm long with a small bract at base. Calyx small, 5-lobed; lobes spreading, imbricate, rusty-lepidote outside. Petals 5, free, orbicular, concave, equal or the 2 inner ones smaller, imbricate, glabrous. Staminal tube short, thick, crenate at mouth; anthers 5, sessile, large, with thick connectives attached broadly to the tube on back, included. Ovary conical, depressed, 3-locular; locules 2-ovuled; stigma sessile, capitate, 5-angled. Capsules obovoid or oblong, 2.5 - 4 cm long, furrowed, rough, stellate-lepidote.

Distrib. India: Western Ghats, undergrowth in evergreen forests,on slopes, to 1200 m. Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.



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