Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Lophopetalum wightianum Arn. in Ann. Nat. Hist. 3: 151. 1839; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 615. 1875. L. fimbriatum Wight, lc. 31: t 178. 1840; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 615. 1875.

Asm.: Sutrong; Kan.: Balpale; Kh.: Dien-ji-rem; Mal.: Venkotta; Tam.: Venkottai.

Tall trees, attaining a height up to 30 m, sometimes with buttresses; bark grey and fissured outside, orange-brown inside; branch lets terete. Leaves elliptic to elliptic-oblong or ovate to ovate-oblong, rarely obovate, 8-25 x 4-10 cm apex acute or acuminate, base rounded or subacute, subcoriaceous, entire, nerves 6-12 pairs; petiole 1.5-2.5 cm. Panicles axillary, up to 10 cm long. Flowers bisexual. Sepals 5-lobed, triangular, acute, short ciliate. Petals, suborbicular, 3-4 x 3-4 mm, with fimbriate crest. Stamens inserted on the middle of the disc lobes. Ovary gradually narrowed into a short conical styles. Disc 5-lobed; lobes epipetalous. Fruits capsular, 10-15 cm long, 3-angled. Seeds oblong, 6 x 1.5 cm (including the wing), compressed.

Fl. & Fr. : March - May.

Distrib. India: Along river banks, ascending up to 900 m in evergreen forests in Western Ghats and Khasia Hills. Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Bangladesh, Myanmar, CochinChina, Sumatra, Malay Penn insula and Borneo.

Notes. Wood is used for carpentry work; considered best for making tea chests.


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