Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Aglaia simplicifolia (Beddome) Harms in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 19bI: 146. 1940; Nair & Rajan in Nair & A.N. Henry, Fl. Tamil Nadu 1: 66. 1983. Beddomea simplicifolia Beddome, Fl. Sylv. S. India t. 135. 1871; Hiern in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 566. 1875, incl. vars.; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 184. 1915.


Small tree, to 8 m high; young parts scurfy-lepidote or stellate. Leaves unifoliolate, elliptic or lanceolate, obtuse or somewhat cuneate at base, entire along margins, acuminate at apex, 7 - 15 x 3 - 10 cm; secondary nerves ca 12 on each side, prominent beneath; petioles 1.5 - 2 cm long. Inflorescence a panicle or raceme, variable in length and texture, sometimes flowers solitary. Flowers 5 - 6-merous, 2.5 - 6 mm long. Calyx of 5 obtuse lobes, densely stellate-lepidote, large, enclosing petals. Petals 5, free, orbicular, ca 4 mm long, glabrous, imbricate. Staminal tube thin, large and globose or smaller, corrugated or plain, shortly 5-toothed or lobed at mouth; anthers 5, partly exserted. Ovary stellate-hirsute, 3-locular, 2-ovuled; style short, thick; stigma 3-lobed. Capsules oblong or obovoid, beaked, 2.5 - 4 cm long, densely rusty-tomentose.

Endemic.

Distrib. India: Karnataka and Kerala. Forests of the W. Ghats, 600 - 1200 m.

Notes. On the basis of variations in inflorescence type and length and flower size 3 varieties, viz., genuina, parviflora and rocemosa were recognised by earlier authors· These were distinguished by (a) large flowers in long, stout racemes, (b) small flowers in short panicles and (c) medium-sized flowers in long slender racemes, respectively, However, as foliage of these forms is similar they are not recognized as distinct taxonomic entities.




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