Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Dysoxylum alliarium (Buch.-Ham.) Balakr. in J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 67: 57. 1970. Guarea alliaria Buch.-Ham. in Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 305.1832, excl. Syn. Rumph. Dysoxylum hamiltonii Hiern in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 548. 1875.

Evergreen tree, to 25 m tall; bark dark brown outside, smooth, scaly with age, reddish-brown, streaked inside, with a smell reminiscent of garlic. Leaves 30 - 70 cm long; leaflets to 17, on young poles to 42, opposite or subopposite, drooping, oblong-lanceolate, oblique at base,entire or slightly undulate along margins,acute or acuminate at apex, 8 - 16 x 5 - 9 cm, glabrous or hairy beneath, membranous, smell reminiscent garlic when bruised; secondary nerves ca 12 on each side. Panicles 15 - 25 cm long, puberulous; bracts and bracteoles minute. Flowers 4-merous, ca 6 mm long, greenish-white; pedicels slender, to 3 mm long. Calyx small, indistinctly 4-partite, pubescent. Petals 4, glabrous. Staminal tube pubescent; anthers 8. Disk glabrous, twice as long as ovary. Ovary pubescent, 3 - 4-locular; style slender, pubescent below, glabrous above. Capsules ca 2.5 cm across, pale yellow or white, 4-loculed; seeds with a red aril.

Fl. & Fr. June - Feb.

Distrib. India: N.E. region; Sikkim, Assam and Meghalaya.

Notes. Grierson and Long (Flora of Bhutan 2(1): 37. 1991) recorded D. mollissimum Blume for Bhutan and Darjeeling (West Bengal) and synonymized D. hamiltonii Hiern there under.

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