Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Dysoxylum binectariferum (Roxb.) Hook. f. ex Beddome in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 25: 212. 1866; Hiern in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 546. 1875. Guarea binectarifera Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 240. 1830 (as ''binenarifera'') Dysoxylum macrocarpum Beddome, Fl. Sylv. S. India t. 150. 1871.

Evergreen tree, to 30 m tall; young parts and inflorescences minutely pubescent. Leaves 30 - 75 cm long; leaflets 6 - 8, cuneate at base, entire or obscurely dentate along margins, acuminate at apex, 7 - 17 x 3 - 8 cm, thinly coriaceous, glabrous, dark green above, pale beneath; petiolules to 1 cm long. Panicles 20 - 30 cm long. Flowers shortly pedicellate, 4-merous, 3 - 5 mm long, pale-white. Calyx cup-shaped, entire or obscurely 5-lobed, about half as long as petals. Petals 4, velvety. Staminal tube mealy, 4-angled, terminating in 8 obscurely 2-fid teeth; anthers 8, included. Disk exceeding ovary, glabrous inside, puberulous outside, 8-toothed. Ovary hairy; style 4-angled; stigma capitate. Capsules obovoid, 2.5 - 3 cm across, 4-locular, 4-seeded, pale-yellow turning orange; seeds shining, purple with a large yellow hilum and white aril.

Fl. & Fr. Mar. - Jan.

India: Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Goa, Daman & Diu, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Sri Lanka.

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