Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Melia azedarach L., Sp. Pl. 384. 1753; Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. t. 160. 1839; Hiern in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 544. 1875.


Tree, small or medium-sized; young parts scurfy-tomentose, glabrous when mature. Leaves 2-pinnate, rarely 3-pinnate, 30 - 90 cm long; pinnae 5 - 9, usually opposite; leaflets 3 - 7 on each pinna, opposite or subopposite, lanceolate, oblanceolate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic-Lanceolate, oblique at base, toothed or lobed along margins, acuminate at apex, 2.5 - 5 x 1 - 2.5 cm; secondary nerves 8 - 15 on each side; petiolules to 5 mm long. Panicles lax. Pedicels slender, to 7 mm long. Calyx 5-lobed to base, pubescent outside. Petals 5, linear-oblong or oblanceolate, deflexed, ca 7 mm long, pubescent outside when young. Staminal tube 0.5 - 1 cm long, cylindric, 20 - 30-toothed, purple; anthers at mouth of tube, apiculate. Ovary glabrous; style clavate at apex; stigma 10-lobed. Drupes ellipsoid or globose, fleshy, yellow when ripe.

Fl. & Fr. May - Dec.

Distrib. India: Cultivated almost throughout.




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