Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

JSP Page
Melia dubia Cav., Diss. 7: 364. 1789; Hiern in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 545. 1875. Melia composita Willd., Sp. Pl. 2: 559.1799; Beddome, Fl. Sylv. S. India t. 12. 1869.


Tree, to 25 m tall; young parts scurfy-tomentose, glabrous when mature. Leaves to 1 m long; pinnae 3 - 8 pairs; rachis terete, to 20 cm long; leaflets 3 - 13, ovate-lanceolate to ovate-rotund, more or less oblique at base, serrulate or entire along margins, acuminate at apex, 3 - 12 x 1.5 - 4 cm; secondary nerves 6 - 16 on each side; petiolules to 5 mm long, longer in terminal leaflet. Panicles 12 - 20 cm long. Calyx 5-lobed; lobes ovate-ob-long, tomentose. Petals linear-spathulate, concave, ca 5 mm long, pubescent outside, puberulous inside. Staminal tube white, gibbous at base, slightly expanded at apex with 10,2-fid appendages, nearly glabrous or puberulous inside; anthers exserted, pubescent. Ovary glabrous; style a little longer than staminal tube; stigma cylindric, 5-toothed. Drupes ovoid or ellipsoid, 2.5 - 4 x 2 - 2.5 cm, pulpy, yellowish, 1 - 6-seeded.

Fl. & Fr. Mar. - Feb.

Distrib. India: Throughout.

Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.

Notes. Melia superba Roxb. (= M. burmanica Kurz) is very similar to M. dubia Cav. King ( in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 64: 18 - 19. 1895) treated it as a distinct species but examination of Indian material reveals that M. superba Roxb. is indistinguish-able from M. dubia Cav.





RELATED IMAGES

JSP Page
  • Search