Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Reissantia indica (Willd.) Halle in Mem. Dict. Fr. Afr. Noiren. 64: 85. 1962. Hippocratea indica Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 193. 1797; M. Lawson in Fl. Brit. India 1: 624. 1875.

Beng.:Atari-lata, Kathapahasia; Bhoj.: Katha-pahasia; Kan & Kon.: Kazurati, Turruli; Tam.: Odankodi, Morasavakkodi.

Climbing shrubs; branch lets woody; stipules 3-lobed, fimbriate. Leaves chartaceous, ovate to elliptic-oblong, 3.5 - 14 x 2.5 - 5 cm, apex acuminate, base cuneate, margin crenulate or serrate; nerves up to 8 pairs; petioles 6 - 8 mm long. Inflorescence dichotomous cymes, 2 - 6 cm long. Flowers pale yellow. Calyx lobes triangular, 0.5 - 1 mm long, thin, papillose on both sides. Petals oblong, 1 mm long, papillose on both sides. Stamens 1 mm long; filaments glabrous. Ovary flask shaped; ovules 2 in each locule. Follicles elliptic or obovate-oblong, 3 - 5 x 1 - 1.5 cm, pericarp leathery. Seeds broad-elliptic, 2.75 - 3.5 x 1 cm including wing, winged.

Fl. & Fr. : Apr. - Dec.

Distrib. India : Widely distributed but scattered in forests, from 500 - 1500 m. Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Thailand, S. China, Malesia, Philippines and Celebes.

Notes. The sap of the stem is taken as a remedy for fever. Slightly scorched leaves are eaten by women during child birth and compound with Alyxia sp. are used as poultice in treating rheumatism.

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