Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Toona ciliata M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 1: 139. 1846; Bahadur, Monogr. Gen. Toona 64. 1988. Cedrela toona Roxb. ex Rottler in Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Sehriften 4: 198. 1803; Hiern in Fl. Brit. India 1: 568. 1875, p.p. C. hexandra Wallich in Roxh., Fl. Ind. 2: 425. 1824. C. velutina DC., Prodr. 1: 625. 1824. Toona hexandra (Wallieh) M. Roemer, l.c. 139. T. velutina (DC.) M. Roemer, l.c. 139. Cedrela australis F. Muell., Fraggm. Phytogr. Austral. 1: 4. 1858. C. toona Roxh. ex Rottler var. parviflora Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 387. 1863. C. microcarpa C. DC. var. grandifoliola C. DC. in Rec. Bot. Surv. India 3: 371. 1908. C. toona Roxb. ex Rottler var. listeri C. DC., l.c. 370. C. toona Roxb. ex Rottler var. pilistila C. DC., l.c. 365. C. toona Roxb. ex Rottler var. pubinervis C. DC., l.c. 368. C. toona Roxb. ex Rottler var. haslettii Haines, Forest Fl. Chota Nagpur 250. 1910.

Tree, to 27 m tall; bark thin, dark-grey or reddish brown, smooth when young, rough afterwards, exfoliating in irregular scales; blaze deep pink with white streaks with a typical toon or garlic-like smell. Leaves generally paripinnate, to 70 cm long; leaflets 3 - 10 pairs. Panicles 10 - 45 cm long. shortly pedunculate. Flowers greenish or creamish yellow, unisexual with rudiments of opposite sex. Sepals 5, free, connate at base. Petals 5, free. Disk lobed. fleshy, hairy. Stamens 5, without staminodes in male flowers, with rudimentary stamens in female flowers, slender, about half the size of fertile stamens. Ovary brown or black, hairy or glabrous, partly sunk in disk, 5-locular; locules 6 - 10-ovuled; style short, thickened, generally glabrous but often hirsute; stigma capitate. Pistillode in male flowers with partly developed ovary having well- formed locules but with rudimentary ovules; style longer than that of fertile pistil and with a non-glandular stigma. Capsules ovate-oblong, 1.5 - 3 x 0.8 - 1.5 cm, lenticellate or not, blackish when dry; seeds ca 1.5 cm long, winged at both ends and upper wing a little shorter.


1a. Leaflets quite glabrous, or puberulous only on nerves and in axils of secondary nerves when mature 1.1. Toona ciliata
b. Leaflets pubescent, more densely so beneath when mature 1.2. Toona ciliata

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