Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Toona microcarpa (C.DC.) Harms in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3: 270. 1896; Bahadur, Monoge. Gen. Toona 109. 1988. Cedrela microcarpa C.DC. in A. DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 1: 745. 1878. C. febrifuga Blume var. verrucosa C.DC. in Rec. Bot. Surv. India 3: 374. 1908. C. toona Roxb. ex Rottler var. pilipetala C. DC., l.c. 367.

Large evergreen or deciduous tree; branchlets with verrucose lenticels, puberulous and brown when young dark-rubescent and glabrous when maure; bark with characteristic garlic odour. Leaves abruptly pinnate , to 50 cm long; rachis to 15 cm long; leaflets 8 - 10 pairs, opposite, oblong-ovate, obliquely round at base, entire along margins, acuminate at apex, 10 - 14 x 4 - 6 cm; secondary nerves 8 - 12 on each side; petiolules ca 5 mm long. Panicles shortly branched, shorter than leaves, hairy. Flowers small, bracteate; pedicels ca 1 mm long. Sepals 5, free, rounded, densely hairy, ciliate along margins. Petals 5, oblong-ovate, subacute at base, rounded at apex, ca 6 x 3 mm, ciliate along margins, glabrous or sometimes pilose. Filaments pilose; anthers apiculate. Disk and ovary densely hirsute; style glabrous or hirsute. Capsules ovoid or spindle-shaped, 1.5 - 4 cm long, warty, prominently verruculose, dark brown.


1a. Leaflets to 10 x 4 cm; panicles puberulous; petals pilose inside; style hirsute 4.2. pilipetala
b. Leaflets to 14 x 6 cm; panicles hirtellous; petals and style glabrous 2
3a. Capsules obovoid, to 2 cm long, thin-walled, dehiscence irregular 4.1. microcarpa
b. Capsules fusiform, to 4 cm long, woody, dehiscence valvular 4.3. sahnii

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