Botanical Survey of India | Flora of India

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Spergula arvensis L., Sp. Pl. 440. 1753; Edgew. & Hook. f. in Fl. Brit. India 1: 243. 1874.


Hindi: Khandilal, Muchmuchia.

Herbs, annual, 5 - 70 cm high with ascending stems, branched at base, sparsely, glandular-pubescent. Leaves linear, acute at apex, 10 - 30 (-80) x 0.5 mm, fleshy; channelled beneath, glandular-hairy above. Flowers 4 - 7 mm across, in cymose panicles; pedicels 1 - 2.5 cm long; bracts small, scarious. Sepals 5, ovate, obtuse at apex, 3 - 5 mm long, narrowly scarious-margined. Petals 5, obovate, obtuse at apex, slightly longer than sepals, white. Stamens 5 - 10. Capsules ovoid, 5-valved, 4 - 8 mm long; seeds subglobose, slightly compressed, ca 1.5 mm in diam., grey-black, keeled or very narrowly winged, covered with whitish papillae or not.

Fl. & Fr. Throughout the year.

Distrib. India: A weed of cultivated grounds, in hills up to 2500 mm. Throughout the country.

Cosmopolitan.





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